The word ”textile” originally applied only to woven fabrics, now generally applied to fibers, yarns, or fabrics or products made offers, yarns or fabrics. The term textile originates from the latin verb texere to weave but, as the Textile Institute’s Terms and Definitions Glossary explains, it is now ”a general term applied to any manufacture from fibers, filaments or yarns characterized by flexibility, fineness and high ratio of Length to thickness”
Normally, textile is a woven fabric; now applied generally to any one of the following:
1.Staple fibers and filaments suitable for conversion to or use as yarns, or for the preparation of woven, knit, or nonwoven fabrics.
2. Yarns made from natural or manufactured fibers.
3. Fabrics and other manufactured products made from fibers as defined above and from yarns.
4. Garments and other articles fabricated from fibers, yarns, or fabrics when the products retain the characteristic flexibility and drape of the original fabrics.
Textile is a very widly used term which includes:
1. All kinds of fibers(e.g: Cotton, Jute, Wool, Polyester, Viscose etc)
2. All kinds of Process(e.g: Spinning, Weaving, Knitting, Dyeing, Printing, Finishing etc.)
3. All kinds of machineries(e.g: Spinning machineries, Weaving machineries, Knitting machineries,Dyeing machineries, Testing machineries etc.)
4. To convert textile fiber into finished or end use products(e.g: Garments, Technical textiles, Geo textiles, Medical textiles, E-textiles etc.)
Input/Raw Materials →→ Processing Steps → →→→→→ Output
Textile Fibers →→→→→→ Yarn Manufacturing →→→→→→→→→→→ Yarn
Yarn→→→→→→→ Fabric Manufacturing→→→→→Grey Fabrics
Grey Fabrics→→→→→→Wet Processing →→→→→Finished Fabrics
(Dyeing, Printing & Finishing Industry)
Finished Fabrics→→→→ →Garment Manufacturing→→→→→ Garments